Public policy and health care-related risks worry pre-retirees most
A new LIMRA Secure Retirement Institute study finds female pre-retirees (age 50 and older, not retired) are more worried than men about the impact of financial risks they may face in retirement – both in the likelihood and severity of the effect on their retirement security.
The study finds all pre-retirees are most worried about reductions in Social Security or Medicare benefits or involving reductions in government benefits, followed by health and long-term care costs. On average, all pre-retirees scored these risks a 7 on a scale of 0 to 10 (0 = No impact and 10 = Significant impact). Women surveyed scored these risks as an 8; men scored these risks lower (7, on average).
The study sought to assess how pre-retirees viewed the potential risks they face in retirement and how these risks would affect their financial security in retirement. When considering how various risks may affect them, individuals have to judge two components of risk: probability and severity.
These components can vary. An event may be very unlikely, but highly significant if it were to occur; conversely, an event may be very likely but have only a modest impact.
Retirement is an especially risk-prone life stage. While there are multiple ways to categorize retirement risks, two fundamental risks are environmental and personal.
- Environmental risks comprise changes to public policy, the economy or society that may influence a retiree’s well-being. Reductions in Social Security or Medicare benefits, increases in taxes, inflation, and major stock market downturns are examples of environmental risks.
- Personal risks include harmful events that may happen to individual retirees. In retirement, key examples include incurring major health care costs, becoming a full-time caregiver, widowhood or out-living retirement assets
The survey finds men and women believe they are as likely to run out of money in retirement as not – each scoring it a 5 on average. Yet women believe the impact would be greater: scoring it a 7 versus 6 by men, on average.
On average, women felt they were more likely than men to incur long-term care costs and health care costs, face increased taxes and have a reduction to their Social Security and Medicare benefits. They also thought the impact of these risks would be more significant to their financial well-being in retirement.
Interestingly, men and women were equally the least worried about becoming a full-time caregiver to a family member (ranking it a 4 out of 10 in terms of likelihood). Yet research1 shows women are more likely to be caregivers, often times forcing them to curtail their hours at work or retire earlier.
Working with a financial advisor to develop a formal written retirement plan can help mitigate many of the risks retirees face in retirement. Prior Institute research finds two thirds of written plans address inflation and healthcare expense risks, and the majority address risks associated with outliving assets, a prolonged stock market downturn and long-term care expenses. In addition, half of pre-retirees and retirees who have a formal written plan say they feel very prepared for retirement, compared with just 17 percent of those without one.
The study results were based on an online survey fielded in July and August 2017 to 981 pre-retirees, defined as workers age 50 or older who plan to retire.
LIMRA members can read more about this study by visiting Retirement Risk Perception. Members of the press are encouraged to contact LIMRA Public Relations for more information.
1Caregiving in the US (2015), AARP